According to the Public Health Agency of Canada (2018), trauma and violence are prevalent in society and can negatively affect any human being.
Trauma occurs when people experience and have difficulty coping with an overwhelmingly negative event or series of events, including violence. Violence is the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which can result in traumatic long-term effects, whether the violence is ongoing or in the past. Violence can be experienced on an interpersonal level, such as childhood abuse and domestic abuse. Violence can also be experienced by marginalized populations on a systemic level, such as racism and discrimination against the LGBTQIA+ community.
As defined by the Public Health Agency of Canada (2018), TVIA are “policies and practices that recognize the connections between violence, trauma, negative health outcomes and behaviours”. A TVIA is important to minimize harm (prevent further traumatization or re-traumatization) and to increase the safety, control and resilience of those affected by trauma and violence.